Endocrine System

{"ops":[{"insert":"Diagnosis and reasoning"},{"insert":"\n","attributes":{"header":1}},{"insert":"It is not uncommon for a pediatric patient to be brought in by her anxious parents, who are worried that she is \u0027too short for her age\u0027.\n\nIn such a case, it is first necessary to confirm that \u0027short stature\u0027 is indeed present; in this context, short stature is defined as a height which is at least 2 standard deviations below that expected for the child\u0027s age and gender, i.e. below the 3rd centile.\n\nThis 2-year-old girl fits the above definition; thus a careful scrutiny for any underlying pathology is justifiable.\n\nThe most common etiologies underlying short stature include familial short stature, nutritional deficiencies, an underlying chronic illness, non-accidental injury (NAI), and constitutional growth delay, as well as a variety of chr"}]}

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