Dry

Multisystem Processes & Disorders


{"ops":[{"insert":"Diagnosis and reasoning"},{"insert":"\n","attributes":{"header":1}},{"insert":"The technical terms for a \u0027dry mouth\u0027 and \u0027dry eyes\u0027 are xerostomia and xerophthalmia (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) respectively.\n\nThese symptoms are collectively known as \u0027sicca symptoms\u0027, and are more frequent than one might realize; they should never be dismissed arbitrarily, as they may be the first herald of potentially serious disease.\n\nThe causative etiologies for sicca symptoms are quite wide, encompassing both local pathologies (such as salivary gland disorders), as well as infections, systemic diseases, and side effects of medications.\n\nFortunately, these patients may manifest clinical \u0027clues\u0027 which help in short-circuiting the diagnostic process; a meticulous evaluation combined with a keen eye for detail is essential.\n\nThe first "}]}

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