Nervous System & Special Senses

{"ops":[{"insert":"Diagnosis and reasoning"},{"insert":"\n","attributes":{"header":1}},{"insert":"To the uninitiated, clinical neurology is perhaps the difficult branch of medicine, encompassing a diverse range of complex disorders.\n\nA structured and systematic approach is key in arriving at a diagnosis; this patient is an excellent example in point.\n\nThe differential diagnosis of acute lower limb weakness is extremely broad, encompassing lesions from the brainstem, to the spinal cord, peripheral nerves, neuromuscular junction (NMJ), and muscles.\n\nHowever, examination shows the weakness to be flaccid in nature - this signifies a lower motor neuron (LMN) lesion, and localizes it to the neuromuscular arc (i.e. from the anterior horn cells to the nerves, NMJ and muscles).\n\nIn addition, the history of numbness (i.e. a sensory disturbance) e"}]}

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