Psoas Abscess


Step 1: View clinicals

A 55-year-old man presents with right lower quadrant pain for three weeks. The pain is constant and dull, radiates to the right hip, and is exacerbated by walking and relieved by sitting down. He also experienced an intermittent fever with chills and rigors during the same period, in association with nausea, vomiting, malaise, and a weight loss of 4 kg. There is no history of urinary tract infections or renal stones, and he reports no recent trauma. His medical history is significant for rheumatoid arthritis for 20 years, which is currently managed with methotrexate and etanercept. His surgical, family, travel, and contact histories are unremarkable, while he is a non-smoker, and only drinks socially. A complete blood count is significant for a leukocyte count of 15,000/mm3 (normal: 3,500-10,500), with 90% neutrophils (normal: 40-80). Serum electrolytes, renal and liver function tests, a clotting profile, a random plasma glucose assay, and an abdominal ultrasound are all normal.

Step 2: Order all relevant investigations

X-Ray abdomen

A few bowel shadows are noted over the right illiac fossa. There are no other significant findings.


Colonoscopy reveals no untoward findings.

Blood cultures

Culture results will be available in 48 to 72 hours.

Contrast CT abdomen

There is a lesion measuring 5x3 cm in the right psoas muscle, with a homogenous center and a thick contrast-enhancing rim.

Step 3: Select appropriate management

Percutaneous drainage
Omit Etanercept

Score: ★★☆