Pancreatitis, Acute


Step 1: View clinicals

A 70 year old lady presents with right upper abdominal pain for 1 day, which was severe and persistent, with radiation to the back. She also experienced a low grade fever, nausea, and several bouts of vomiting during the same period. This is her first such episode, and her medical and surgical histories are unremarkable, with no history of diabetes, tuberculosis or peptic ulcer disease. Her family history is unremarkable and she does not smoke, consume alcohol or abuse recreational drugs. A complete blood count, liver profile, and renal profile are all normal, while a random capillary glucose level is 105 mg/dL. Serum amylase and lipase are reported to be 1280 U/L and 1100 U/L respectively. Urgent ultrasonography of abdomen reveals a normal hepatobiliary tract; the pancreas could not be visualized clearly.

Step 2: Order all relevant investigations

Contrast CT Abdomen

The CT scan reveals evidence of acute pancreatitis and left sided nephrolithiasis.

Lipid Profile

Cholesterol: 190 mg/dL (<200) HDL Cholesterol: 30 mg/dL (>35) LDL Cholesterol: 119 mg/dL (65-180) Triglycerides: 203 mg/dL (<150)

Serum Calcium

Serum Calcium: 11 mg/dL (8.8-10.3) Ionized Calcium: 6 mg/L (2.24-2.46) Phosphate: 2.8 mg/dL (2.5-4.5)


Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) reveals a pristine biliary tree and pancreatic duct.

Step 3: Select appropriate management

IV Antibiotics
Total Parenteral Nutrition
Aggressive IV Fluid therapy

Score: ★★☆