Isolated Gall Bladder Injury


Step 1: View clinicals

A 56 year old man presents 20 minutes after being struck by a motorcycle, while cycling. He now complains of a dull pain in the upper abdomen. His last meal was 5 hours ago, but he had drunk several beers within the immediate hour before the accident. His medical and surgical histories are unremarkable. He has been a heavy drinker for the last 10 years. A full blood count, renal functions and electrolytes, clotting screen, serum glucose and ECG are all normal.

Step 2: Order all relevant investigations


The FAST scan shows heterogeneous hyperechoic fluid within the gallbladder. No other abnormalities are seen.

Diagnostic Laparoscopy

You remember that diagnostic laparoscopy is not routinely recommended in blunt abdominal trauma.

CT Abdomen

There is an enlarged hydropic gallbladder measuring 8.0 × 6.1 cm with hypodense fluid, extravasated contrast within the lumen and an intraluminal hematoma extending into and distending the gallbladder neck. There is no mass effect. No evidence of other injury is seen.

Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage

The diagnostic peritoneal lavage is negative for evidence of intraperitoneal bleeding.

Step 3: Select appropriate management

Blood transfusion

Score: ★★☆