Tuberculosis

Double

Step 1: View clinicals

A 45 year old man presents with a low grade, intermittent fever for 4 weeks, associated with night sweats, loss of appetite and weight loss of 3 kg. He also experienced a mild productive cough, mostly during the day. He denies exposure to gases, fumes or toxic chemicals and is not on any drugs. He denies unsafe sexual encounters and has no history of blood transfusions. He is from a low socioeconomic background. .


Step 2: Order all relevant investigations

X-Ray Chest

There is a heterogeneous opacity in the right upper lobe, with air bronchograms.

HIV Serology

HIV serology comes as positive.

Tuberculin Test

The tuberculin test shows an induration of 6 mm after 72 hours.

Sputum for AFB

3 sputum smear specimens are performed, all of which come as negative.


Step 3: Select appropriate management

Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim
Start HIV Treatment First
Start TB Treatment First
Isolation


Score: ★★☆