Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Stretching out

Step 1: View clinicals

A 44 year old man presents with worsening exertional dyspnea and fatiguability for 6 months, which has now progressed to dyspnea at rest. He also complains of orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea but is otherwise asymptomatic. His medical history is unremarkable, while there is no family history of cardiac disease. He is a heavy alcoholic, having consumed around 10 drinks per day for the last 20 years. His full blood count shows macrocytosis and a mild thrombocytopenia.


Step 2: Order all relevant investigations

Echocardiogram

The echocardiogram shows dilation of all four cardiac chambers but a normal wall thickness. Cardiac contractility is globally reduced, with an ejection fraction of 29%. There is moderate mitral and tricuspid regurgitation. No mural thrombi are noted.

HIV & Lyme disease antibodies

Lyme disease: negative HIV: negative

ESR & ANA

ESR: 10 mm/first hour ANA: negative

Thyroid profile

TSH: 3.4 mIU/l (normal) Free T3: 3.7 pg/mL (normal) Free T4: 1.3 ng/l (normal)


Step 3: Select appropriate management

Diuretics stat
Steroids
Anticoagulation
ICD implantation


Score: ★★☆