Respiratory System

{"ops":[{"insert":"Clinical suspicion of pneumothorax"},{"insert":"\n","attributes":{"header":1}},{"insert":"A pneumothorax can be clinically suspected based on certain findings in the history and physical examination.\r\n \r\nMost patients complain of sudden-onset pleuritic chest pain and dyspnea; a minority may present with cardiopulmonary arrest, especially where there is a tension pneumothorax.\r\n \r\nPatients with secondary pneumothoraces may also have an identifiable history of underlying lung pathology such as obstructive airway disease, tuberculosis, or Marfan\u0027s syndrome.\r\n \r\nUpon examination, there will be reduced chest expansion on the affected side, with a hyper-resonant percussion note and reduced or absent breath sounds over the same region. Where the pneumothorax is large, tracheal deviation towards the unaffected side may also be noted.\n"}]}

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