Gastrointestinal System

{"ops":[{"insert":"Murphy\u0027s sign"},{"insert":"\n","attributes":{"header":1}},{"insert":"Murphy\u0027s sign is elicited in patients with acute cholecystitis, by asking them to take in and hold a deep breath while palpating the subcostal region. If the patient suddenly stops their inspiratory effort (also termed a \u0027catch in the breath\u0027) due to pain, a positive Murphy\u0027s sign is present.\n"},{"insert":"Indications for laparoscopic cholecystectomy"},{"insert":"\n","attributes":{"header":1}},{"insert":"The indications for laparoscopic surgeries of the gallbladder and biliary tree have not changed significantly over the past two decades.\n\nThese include but are not limited to:\n\n- Symptomatic cholelithiasis\n- Biliary dyskinesia\n- Acute cholecystitis\n- Complications related to common bile duct stones, including pancreatitis\n\nNote that asymptomatic gallstones are generally not an indication for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.\n"}]}

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