Gastrointestinal System

{"ops":[{"insert":"Grading of Hypovolemic shock"},{"insert":"\n","attributes":{"header":1}},{"insert":"Hypovolemic shock is caused by a rapid and significant loss of intravascular volume which leads to hemodynamic instability, organ dysfunction, and death.\r\n\r\nAccording to the ATLS, it can be classified into four categories, based on the degree of total blood volume loss (TBV), as follows:\r\n\r\nClass I: A loss of blood volume up to 15%, minimal tachycardia, no measurable changes in blood pressure.\r\nClass II: TBV loss 15-30% (up to 1L), tachycardia (\u003E100bpm), tachypnea, low pulse pressure.\r\nClass III: TBV loss of 30-40% (up to 2L of blood), almost always associated features of poor perfusion (marked tachycardia and tachypnea, a measurable fall in the systolic blood pressure and significant alteration of mental status)\r\nClass IV: TBV loss of \u003E40%"}]}

Want to continue playing?

Open your Clinical Odyssey account today.

Enjoy unlimited access to 600+ simulations.
Safely improve your skills, anytime and anywhere.
Get answers to your follow-up questions from practicing physicians.