Examined I

Respiratory System

{"ops":[{"insert":"Chronic cough: Evaluation"},{"insert":"\n","attributes":{"header":1}},{"insert":"Chronic cough, defined as a cough \u003E8 weeks in duration, is not uncommon; such patients warrant further evaluation.\n \nA detailed history and examination are essential; this should include smoking status, the state of any sputum, environmental exposures, and medications. This is important to include smoking-related cough and drug-related cough (i.e. due to ACE-inhibitors).\n\nIn persons who are negative for the above, plain chest films should be the next step; where these are normal, asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and upper airway cough syndromes (including chronic rhinosinusitis) are key possibilities to keep in mind.\n \nThe presence of x-ray changes is significant, with common causes including tuberculosis, malignancies, and sarcoido"}]}

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