Gastrointestinal System

{"ops":[{"insert":"Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease"},{"insert":"\n","attributes":{"header":1}},{"insert":"Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition characterized by frequent reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus, causing a distinct burning pain in the chest. The latter is commonly referred to as \u0022heartburn\u0022.\r\n\r\nOther key signs and symptoms of GERD include vomiting and an acidic taste in the mouth, sometimes accompanied by bad breath and\/or dental erosion. Coughing and nausea are also reported, albeit less frequently.\r\n\r\nIf left untreated the reflux can injure the esophagus, leading to reflux esophagitis, peptic stricture formation, and metaplastic transformation into Barrett\u0027s esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma.\r\n\r\nGERD is usually treated with proton pump inhibitors or H2-receptor blockers, as well as lifestyle "}]}

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