Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Systemic Sclerosis



Worsening dyspnea for several months. Serious or not?

  1. Calcium channel blockers
  2. Pulmonary arterial hypertension
  3. Pulmonary vasodilator testing
  4. Right heart catheterization
  5. Systemic sclerosis
  6. The abdominojugular reflux
  7. The fourth heart sound
  1. ATS Statement: Guidelines for the Six-Minute Walk Test THIS OFFICIAL STATEMENT OF THE AMERICAN THORACIC SOCIETY WAS APPROVED BY THE ATS BOARD OF DIRECTORS MARCH 2002, American Thoracic Society Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol 166. pp 111-117, 2002 DOI: 10.1164/rccm.166/1/111 Internet address: www.atsjournals.org [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from: https://www.thoracic.org/statements/resources/pfet/sixminute.pdf
  2. Bickley, L., & Szilagyi, P. (2012). The Cardiovascular System, Table 9-6. BATE'S Clinical Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking (11th ed.) (p. 396). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  3. Bull, T. (2015). Physical Examination in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Advances in Pulmonary Hypertension Journal, 4(3). Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.phaonlineuniv.org/Journal/Article.cfm?ItemNumber=643
  4. CASTRO SV, JIMENEZ SA. Biomarkers in systemic sclerosis Biomark Med [online] 2010 Feb, 4(1):133-147 [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3049114
  5. Chaisson, N., & Hassoun, P. (2013). Systemic Sclerosis-Associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. American College of Chest Physicians, 144(4), 1346-1356. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3787920/
  6. Farber, H., & Loscalzo, J. (2004). Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. New England Journal of Medicine, (351), 1655-1665. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra035488
  7. Gabrielli, A., Avvedimento, E., & Krieg, T. (2009). Scleroderma. New England Journal of Medicine, (360), 1989-2003. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMra0806188
  8. Hajj-ali, R. (2013, June). Systemic Sclerosis. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/musculoskeletal-and-connective-tissue-disorders/autoimmune-rheumatic-disorders/systemic-sclerosis
  9. Jeff Wiese, MD. The Abdominojugular Reflux Sign, July 2000 THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE Volume 109. [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from: http://docronny.com/2.pdf
  10. Kelly, C., & Rabbani, L. (2013). Pulmonary-Artery Catheterization [Video file]. New England Journal of Medicine. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMvcm1212416?af=R&rss=currentIssue
  11. Martin Pablo Grecco, Miguel Pieroni, Marcela Otero, Jorge Luis Ferreiro, Marı´a de Lourdes Figuerola. Sporadic hemiplegic migraine and CREST syndrome. J Headache Pain (2010) 11:171-173 DOI 10.1007/s10194-010-0188-1 [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3452292/pdf/10194_2010_Article_188.pdf
  12. Shea, M. (n.d.). Cardiac Catheterization. Retrieved January 30, 2016, from http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular-disorders/cardiovascular-tests-and-procedures/cardiac-catheterization
  13. Simonneau G., Gatzoulis M., Adatia I., Celermajer D., MD, PhD§; Denton C., Ghofrani A., Gomez, Krishna R., Landzberg M., Machado R., Olschewski H., Robbins I., & Souza R. (2013). Updated Clinical Classification of Pulmonary Hypertension. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 62(25). Retrieved January 30, 2016, from https://content.onlinejacc.org/article.aspx?articleid=1790599
  14. Waxman, A., & Loscalzo, J. (2015). Pulmonary Hypertension. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine (19th ed., Vol. 2) (pp. 1655-1660). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  15. Özlem Tarçın et al. CREST SYNDROME AND RENAL INVOLVEMENT. Marmara Medical Journal 2007;20(3);186-189 [viewed 09 October 2016] Available from: http://www.marmaramedicaljournal.org/pdf/pdf_MMJ_435.pdf