What will you do when a patient refuses the treatments you recommend? Can you handle the resultant problems?

  1. Bowel Ischemia
  2. Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome
  3. Indications and contraindication for peritoneal dialysis
  4. Intradialytic Hypotension
  5. Intradialytic hypotension (IDH)
  6. Mesenteric ischemia in patients undergoing hemodialysis
  7. Preventing dialysis disequilibrium syndrome
  8. Radiological Features of Pulmonary Edema
  1. PALMER BF, HENRICH WL. Recent advances in the prevention and management of intradialytic hypotension. J Am Soc Nephrol [online] 2008 Jan, 19(1):8-11 [viewed 29 August 2014] Available from: doi:10.1681/ASN.2007091006 2. VAN DER SANDE F. M.. Intradialytic hypotension--new concepts on an old problem. [online] 2000 November, 15(11):1746-1748 [viewed 29 August 2014] Available from: doi:10.1093/ndt/15.11.1746 3. SHAIKH N, LOUON A, HANSSENS Y. Fatal dialysis disequilibrium syndrome: A tale of two patients J Emerg Trauma Shock [online] 2010, 3(3):300 [viewed 27 August 2014] Available from: doi:10.4103/0974-2700.66555 4. ZEPEDA-OROZCO D, QUIGLEY R. Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome Pediatr Nephrol [online] 2012 Dec, 27(12):2205-2211 [viewed 27 August 2014] Available from: doi:10.1007/s00467-012-2199-4 5. BAGSHAW SM, PEETS AD, HAMEED M, BOITEAU PJ, LAUPLAND KB, DOIG CJ. Dialysis Disequilibrium Syndrome: brain death following hemodialysis for metabolic acidosis and acute renal failure--a case report. BMC Nephrol [online] 2004 Aug 19:9 [viewed 27 August 2014] Available from: doi:10.1186/1471-2369-5-9 6. QUIROGA B, VERDE E, ABAD S, VEGA A, GOICOECHEA M, REQUE J, LóPEZ-GóMEZ JM, LUñO J. Detection of patients at high risk for non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia in hemodialysis. J Surg Res [online] 2013 Mar, 180(1):51-5 [viewed 01 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.jss.2012.10.008 7. HAN SY, KWON YJ, SHIN JH, PYO HJ, KIM AR. Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia in a patient on maintenance hemodialysis. Korean J Intern Med [online] 2000 Jan, 15(1):81-4 [viewed 01 September 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10714097 8. TANAKA A, ITO Y, SUGIURA Y, SEZAKI R. Non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia in a hemodialysis patient. Intern Med [online] 2011, 50(5):523 [viewed 01 September 2014] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21372473 9. MILNE EN, PISTOLESI M, MINIATI M, GIUNTINI C. The radiologic distinction of cardiogenic and noncardiogenic edema. AJR Am J Roentgenol [online] 1985 May, 144(5):879-94 [viewed 02 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.2214/ajr.144.5.879 10. GLUECKER T, CAPASSO P, SCHNYDER P, GUDINCHET F, SCHALLER MD, REVELLY JP, CHIOLERO R, VOCK P, WICKY S. Clinical and radiologic features of pulmonary edema. Radiographics [online] 1999 Nov-Dec, 19(6):1507-31; discussion 1532-3 [viewed 02 September 2014] Available from: doi:10.1148/radiographics.19.6.g99no211507