Diabetic Ketoacidosis



Hyperglycemic emergencies. How well can you manage them?

  1. Bicarbonate
  2. Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
  3. Fluid management in DKA: Acute Stage
  4. Fluid management in DKA: Maintenance
  5. Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes
  6. Insulin Therapy in DKA
  7. Insulin bolus plus infusion vs an infusion alone
  8. Insulin regimens used in long term management of type 1 diabetes
  9. Potassium (K+) correction
  10. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
  1. ATKINSON MA, EISENBARTH GS, MICHELS AW. Type 1 diabetes Lancet [online] 2014/01/04 00:00, 383(9911):69-82 [viewed 12 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60591-7
  2. CHUNG ST, HAYMOND MW. Minimizing Morbidity of Hypoglycemia in Diabetes: A Review of Mini-Dose Glucagon J Diabetes Sci Technol [online] 1/01/01 00:00, 9(1):44-51 [viewed 12 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.1177/1932296814547518
  3. CRYER PE. Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am [online] 2010/09/01 00:00, 39(3):641-654 [viewed 12 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.ecl.2010.05.003
  4. DE FERRANTI SD, DE BOER IH, FONSECA V, FOX CS, GOLDEN SH, LAVIE CJ, MAGGE SN, MARX N, MCGUIRE DK, ORCHARD TJ, ZINMAN B, ECKEL RH. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Cardiovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and American Diabetes Association Diabetes Care [online] 2014/10/01 00:00, 37(10):2843-2863 [viewed 12 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.2337/dc14-1720
  5. GOSMANOV AIDAR R, GOSMANOVA ELVIRA, DILLARD-CANNON ERIKA. Management of adult diabetic ketoacidosis. DMSO [online] 2014 June [viewed 15 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.2147/DMSO.S50516
  6. GOSMANOV AR, GOSMANOVA EO, KITABCHI AE, DE GROOT LJ, BECK-PECCOZ P, CHROUSOS G, DUNGAN K, GROSSMAN A, HERSHMAN JM, KOCH C, MCLACHLAN R, NEW M, REBAR R, SINGER F, VINIK A, WEICKERT MO. Hyperglycemic Crises: Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), And Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State (HHS) [online] 2000 [viewed 15 February 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25905280
  7. Hyperglycemic Crises in Diabetes. Diabetes Care [online] December, 27(Supplement 1):S94-S102 [viewed 15 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.2337/diacare.27.2007.S94
  8. KITABCHI AE, UMPIERREZ GE, MILES JM, FISHER JN. Hyperglycemic crises in adult patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care [online] 2009 Jul, 32(7):1335-43 [viewed 15 November 2016] Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19564476
  9. MCCALL AL. Insulin Therapy and Hypoglycemia Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am [online] 2012/03/01 00:00, 41(1):57-87 [viewed 12 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.1016/j.ecl.2012.03.001
  10. PIHOKER C., BADARU A., ANDERSON A., MORGAN T., DOLAN L., DABELEA D., IMPERATORE G., LINDER B., MARCOVINA S., MAYER-DAVIS E., REYNOLDS K., KLINGENSMITH G. J.. Insulin Regimens and Clinical Outcomes in a Type 1 Diabetes Cohort: The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study. Diabetes Care [online] December, 36(1):27-33 [viewed 12 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.2337/dc12-0720
  11. SLIM IB. Cardiovascular risk in type 1 diabetes mellitus Indian J Endocrinol Metab [online] 2013/10/01 00:00, 17(Suppl1):S7-S13 [viewed 12 February 2016] Available from: doi:10.4103/2230-8210.119489
  12. The Hospital Management of Hypoglycaemia in Adults with Diabetes Mellitus, NHS Diabetes, March 2010. [viewed 12 February 2016] Available from: https://www.diabetes.org.uk/About_us/What-we-say/Specialist-care-for-children-and-adults-and-complications/The-hospital-management-of-Hypoglycaemia-in-adults-with-Diabetes-Mellitus/